Duramorph Addiction and Treatment
If you or a loved one is struggling with a morphine addiction, learn about this common opiate injection
Duramorph (morphine sulfate injection) is a sterile, non-pyrogenic, isobaric solution of morphine sulfate, free of antioxidants, preservatives or other potentially neurotoxic additives and is meant for intravenous, epidural or intrathecal administration as a narcotic analgesic. This solution is a potent narcotic pain reliever, which works by dulling the pain perception center in the brain. Duramorph is usually prescribed for the management of pain severe enough to require the use of an opioid analgesic by intravenous administration, and for which alternative treatments are not expected to be adequate; furthermore, it's also used for the epidural or intrathecal management of pain without attendant loss of motor, sensory, or sympathetic function. Morphine is a very addictive substance, and Duramorph addiction can develop quickly if the user doesn't take the proper precautions. Learn more about Duramorph addiction and treatment options below.
Common Street Names
Common street names that describe this opiate are:
- Miss Emma
- White Stuff
- Captain Cody
- Pancake and Syrup
- Doors and Fours
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA) have been overseeing drugs in the United States since the beginning of the 20th century. In 1970 the FDA released drugs classifications or schedules, under the Controlled Substance Act (CSA), which - enforced by the DEA - regulates the manufacture, importation, possession, use and distribution of certain narcotics, stimulants, depressants, hallucinogens, anabolic steroids and other chemicals. The schedules organize drugs into groups based on their risk of abuse or harm.
Because of the strength of its composition, morphine has been classified by the FDA under the Schedule II of Controlled Substances. Since Duramorph is an injectable solution of morphine sulfate, it falls under this category. All substances under this particular schedule, have a high potential for abuse which may lead to severe psychological or physical dependence.
Drug History and Use
Duramorph is given by a Doctor under prescription-only, because of its strength and also due to its high potency to be an abused narcotic. While Duramorph is intended for the treatment of severe and/or acute pain, the dosage to control the pain will always depend on the medical condition of the patient and the response to treatment.
Morphine Sulfate interacts predominantly with the ?-receptor. The ?-binding sites of opioids are very discretely distributed in the human brain, with high densities of sites found in the posterior amygdala, hypothalamus, thalamus, nucleus caudate, putamen and certain cortical areas. They are also found on the terminal axons of primary afferents within laminae I and II (substantia gelatinosa) of the spinal cord and in the spinal nucleus of the trigeminal nerve.
Selective blockade of pain sensation is possible by neuraxial application of morphine. In addition, duration of analgesia may be much longer by this route compared to systemic administration.
Although this is a controlled substance, Duramorph drug abuse is not uncommon. Due to its characteristic of being highly analgesic, patients can be easily exposed to the dangers that come with the use of the medication, which include dependency, addiction and overdosing.
A Doctor or Pharmacist prescribing the narcotic should be aware of the patients' medical history, especially is the person is using other products such as alcohol, anti-seizure drugs, medicine for sleep or anxiety, muscle relaxants, other narcotic pain relievers, and psychiatric medicines.
As with any other opioid, Morphine Sulfate produces a wide spectrum of pharmacologic effects including analgesia, dysphoria, euphoria, somnolence, respiratory depression, diminished gastrointestinal motility and physical dependence, this last caused by Duramorph drug abuse. The most common side effects patients experience when using this injection are:
- Difficulty having a bowel movement (stool)
- Blurred vision
- False or unusual sense of well-being
- Relaxed and calm feeling
- Sleepiness or unusual drowsiness
- Weight loss
- Appearance of withdrawal symptoms
Some less common side effects, may include:
- Muscle stiffness or tightness
- Night blindness
- Over-bright appearance of lights
- Problems with muscle control
- Redness of the skin
- Skin rash
Furthermore, there are reproductive concerns with the usage of this narcotic, including neonatal respiratory depression.
Addiction & Dependency
Duramorph drug abuse has been reported due to the addictive nature of the symptoms that appear with the consumption of morphine sulfate. Euphoria, pleasure, exhilaration are just some of the feelings that opioids can cause, and a Duramorph addiction is not far from appearing.
Addiction to an opiate is an incredible serious disease that impacts millions of people around the world. In the case of a Duramorph addiction, it is most common that people who are prescribed the medication for the treatment of severe pain realize they simply cannot live without the opiate after the pain has subsided.
While dependence is normal, and happens to everyone who takes the narcotic for a long period of time, it's important to keep an open eye for symptoms that could be signs of a psychological need.
Some signs that could indicate a Duramorph addiction are:
- Heavy sweating
- Spontaneous and excessive yawning
- Muscle twitching
- Hot flashes
- Aches, especially in the legs and back
- Increased blood pressure
- Increased heart rate
- Increased respiratory rate
Many people also believe that because Duramorph is a prescription medication, it is just as safe as other medications that are readily available, such as acetaminophen and ibuprofen. This just simply is not the case. Duramorph addiction is very serious.
Treatment for Addiction
According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), different parts of the brain are actually involved in the development of morphine addiction. NIDA also believes that only a very small percentage of people who suffer from drug addiction — approximately 5.9 percent — are addicted only to opiate medications such as Duramorph.
Treatment for Duramorph abuse and addiction is different for everyone. However, treatment usually starts with detox. After a managed detox experience, the patient will usually be transferred to a residential Duramorph addiction treatment center.
Residential treatment is very helpful because it allows the person to experience sobriety within the confines of a safe, structured environment. Helpful peers and caring professionals are in the same building as the patient, allowing he/she to have easy access to help whenever they need it, day or night.
Once a person starts to feel more comfortable and at ease with their sobriety, the treatment team will find an appropriate outpatient treatment for Duramorph abuse and addcition.
Are you or a loved one dealing with a morphine or other drug addiction? Call the New York Alcohol Treatment Centers today at 646-918-5955 to speak about addiction treatment options.